The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided injection of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) in patients with Dupuytren's contracture (DC), with the standard injection. We hypothesised that the ultrasound-guided Injection of CCH is more effective than the standard injection. A prospective cohorts study in patients with DC was done. We treated consecutively 47 fingers with the standard injection and 43 with the ultrasound-guided. Patients in both groups had the same inclusion criteria. The degrees of contracture of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints were measured before treatment and after three months. We compared the effectiveness of each type of injection in respect to obtaining a complete finger extension and to the percentage of improvement in each finger and in each joint. With ultrasound-guided injection, complete finger extension was obtained in 54% of cases and an 81% mean percentage of correction of the finger contracture; with standard injection 49% and 77%, respectively. In the MCP joint, the mean percentage of correction was 92.5 % in the ultrasound-guided Injection group and 84% in the standard injection group. In the PIP joint, it was 75.1% in the ultrasound-guided injection group and 65.3% in the standard injection group. These results showed no statistical significance. Hand surgeons must balance the possible benefits of the ultrasound-guided injection with the complexity and resources needed to perform the technique.
Keywords: Clostridium hystolyticum; Dupuytren’s contracture; Dupuytren’s disease; collagenase; ultrasound-guided injection.