Disorder in reciprocal innervation upon initiation of voluntary movement in patients with Parkinson's disease

Exp Brain Res. 1988;70(2):437-40. doi: 10.1007/BF00248369.


Reciprocal innervation of the soleus motoneurones upon initiation of voluntary ankle dorsiflexion was investigated in eight patients with Parkinson's disease. H-reflex and visually guided step tracking methods were used for testing motoneurone excitability and for controlling the timing of movement initiation, respectively. While reciprocal inhibition appeared almost simultaneously with the agonist electromyographic (EMG) onset in normal subjects (Kagamihara and Tanaka 1985), facilitation appeared in the majority of patients under the same onset condition. It increased slowly, reaching a maximum at about 100 ms after the EMG onset. It then subsided slowly at around 200-300 ms, and was replaced thereafter by an inhibitory effect. No coactivation of the soleus muscle was detected electromyographically. The facilitation between the EMG onset and the onset of mechanical contraction was attributed to the direct effect of the descending command from the brain, suggesting a certain disorder in controlling the system for reciprocal innervation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ankle Joint / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Neurons / physiology*
  • Movement Disorders / etiology
  • Movement Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Muscles / innervation*
  • Muscles / physiopathology
  • Parkinson Disease / complications
  • Parkinson Disease / physiopathology*