Current and emerging artificial intelligence applications for pediatric abdominal imaging

Pediatr Radiol. 2022 Oct;52(11):2139-2148. doi: 10.1007/s00247-021-05057-0. Epub 2021 Apr 12.


Artificial intelligence (AI) uses computers to mimic cognitive functions of the human brain, allowing inferences to be made from generally large datasets. Traditional machine learning (e.g., decision tree analysis, support vector machines) and deep learning (e.g., convolutional neural networks) are two commonly employed AI approaches both outside and within the field of medicine. Such techniques can be used to evaluate medical images for the purposes of automated detection and segmentation, classification tasks (including diagnosis, lesion or tissue characterization, and prediction), and image reconstruction. In this review article we highlight recent literature describing current and emerging AI methods applied to abdominal imaging (e.g., CT, MRI and US) and suggest potential future applications of AI in the pediatric population.

Keywords: Abdomen; Artificial intelligence; Children; Computed tomography; Deep learning; Machine learning; Magnetic resonance imaging.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Machine Learning*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neural Networks, Computer