Photobiomodulation using LLLT and LED of cells involved in osseointegration and peri-implant soft tissue healing

Lasers Med Sci. 2022 Feb;37(1):573-580. doi: 10.1007/s10103-021-03299-w. Epub 2021 Apr 12.


This study evaluated the influence of photobiomodulation (PBM) using low-level laser therapy (PBM/LLLT) or light-emitting diode (PBM/LED) therapy on peri-implant tissue healing. A laboratory model was used to assess the adhesion and metabolism of osteoblasts (SaOs-2), human gingival fibroblasts (HGF), and normal oral keratinocytes (NOK) seeded on a titanium (Ti) surface. After seeding the cells on disks of Ti placed in wells of 24-well plates, three irradiations were performed every 24 h at energy density of 3 J/cm2. For PBM/LLLT, a LaserTABLE device was used with a wavelength of 780 nm and 25 mW, while for PBM/LED irradiation, a LEDTABLE device was used at 810 nm, 20 mW, at a density of 3 J/cm2. After irradiations, the number of cells (NC) attached and spread on the Ti surface, cell viability (CV), total protein (TP), and collagen (Col) synthesis were assessed. Alkaline phosphate activity (ALP) was evaluated only for SaOs-2. Data were submitted to ANOVA complemented by Turkey statistical tests at a 5% significance level. PBM significantly increased adherence of NOK to the Ti surface, while no significant effect was observed for SaOs-2 and HGF. PBM positively affected CV, as well as Col and TP synthesis, in distinct patterns according to the cell line. Increased ALP activity was observed only in those cells exposed to PBM/LLLT. Considering cell specificity, this investigation reports that photobiomodulation with low-power laser and LED at determined parameters enhances cellular functions related to peri-implant tissue healing in a laboratory model.

Keywords: Cell culture; Implantology; Light-emitting diodes; Low-level laser therapy; Titanium.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Proliferation
  • Gingiva
  • Humans
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Osseointegration
  • Osteoblasts