Objective: To determine whether atorvastatin slows tibial cartilage volume loss in patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Methods: Participants ages 40-70 years were randomized to receive oral atorvastatin (40 mg once daily) (n = 151) or matching placebo (n = 153). The primary end point was annual percentage change in tibial cartilage volume over 2 years, assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The prespecified secondary end points were progression of cartilage defects and bone marrow lesions over 2 years, which were assessed using MRI and change in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Index pain, stiffness, and function scores.
Results: A total of 248 of 304 participants (81.6%) completed the trial (mean age 55.7 years; 55.6% women). The annual change in tibial cartilage volume differed minimally between the atorvastatin and placebo groups (mean change -1.66% versus -2.17%, between-group difference 0.50% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) -0.17%, 1.17%]). There were no significant differences in the progression of cartilage defects (odds ratio [OR] 0.86 [95% CI 0.52, 1.41]) or progression of bone marrow lesions (OR 1.00 [95% CI 0.62, 1.63]). Moreover, there were no significant differences in change in WOMAC pain, stiffness, or function scores over 2 years between the atorvastatin and placebo groups (mean change in pain score -36.0 versus -29.5, adjusted difference -2.7 [95% CI -27.1, 21.7]; mean change in stiffness score -14.2 versus -11.8, adjusted difference -0.2 [95% CI -12.2, 11.8]; mean change in function score -89.4 versus -87.5, adjusted difference 0.3 [95% CI -83.1, 83.6]). The incidence of adverse events (AEs) was similar between the atorvastatin and placebo groups (57 [37.7%] versus 52 [34.0%] experiencing AEs).
Conclusion: Treatment with oral atorvastatin (40 mg once daily), compared to placebo, did not significantly reduce cartilage volume loss over 2 years in patients with symptomatic knee OA. These findings do not support the use of atorvastatin for the treatment of knee OA.
© 2021, American College of Rheumatology.