Does Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Really Cure Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease? Analysis of Objective Data

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2022 Feb;32(2):103-110. doi: 10.1089/lap.2020.0999. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is considered the treatment of choice for obesity with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There are few reports showing objective data based on esophageal function tests (EFTs). The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of LRYGB on GERD. Methods: Candidates for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) underwent preoperative esophageal manometry (EM) and 24-hour pH monitoring. Based on the negative influence of LSG on GERD, patients with abnormal pH were offered LRYGB. Those patients repeated EFTs, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and symptom questionnaire 1 year after surgery. Results: Two hundred fifty LSG candidates underwent preoperative EFTs; 38% were redirected to LRYGB due to abnormal pH and 13 (18%) completed EFTs postoperatively. In ten women, age: 40 ± 7 years, body mass index: 41 ± 1 kg/m2. EM: lower esophageal sphincter (LES) length increased from 2.6 to 2.9 cm (P = not statistically significant [NS]), and LES pressure decreased from 15 to 14.2 mmHg (P = NS). Preoperatively, LES was normotensive in 12 (92%) patients and postoperatively in 11 (85%) (P = NS). DeMeester score decreased from 35.7 to 11 (P < .001). Postoperatively, 9 (69%) patients resolved their GERD, 3 (23%) improved, and 1 (8%) remained the same (P < .001). Symptoms decreased significantly after surgery. Two patients (15%) had Grade A esophagitis. One of them was able to resolve it, while the other 1 remained the same. Conclusions: Our preliminary data showed that after LRYGB, LES pressure remained the same and DeMeester score decreased, while 69% of patients resolved their GERD. Therefore, LRYGB seems to be an excellent option for obesity and GERD.

Keywords: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; bariatric surgery; gastroesophageal reflux disease.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastric Bypass*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux* / etiology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Morbid* / complications
  • Obesity, Morbid* / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications