Background: Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD) is the treatment of choice of superficial neoplastic gastrointestinal lesions. Delayed bleedings and perforations are still current clinical concerns. Glubran 2 is a synthetic cyanoacrylate-derived glue nowadays already widely used as an effective tissue adhesive. ENDONEB is a novel device thought for enabling the sealant nebulization over a specific targeted surface during laparotomy, laparoscopy, and thoracotomy. The aim of this single-center preclinical animal trial is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the same nebulization technique during ESD in the perspective that further clinical studies would demonstrate the efficacy of Glubran 2 in preventing post-ESD adverse events.
Methods: Four live Landrace pigs were enrolled. Two approximately 30-mm-wide gastric ESDs were performed in each pig (experimental ESD and control ESD). About 0.5 mL of Glubran 2 was nebulized on the experimental ESDs. Subjective perception of the feasibility of the Glubran 2 nebulization was reported. Pigs were clinically monitored at follow-up and upper GI endoscopy was performed at 24 and 48 hours, when animals were euthanized to perform a macroscopic and histological analysis of the specimens.
Results: No peri-procedural adverse events were reported. Glubran 2 nebulization over experimental ESDs showed to be technically easy and time-effective. Clinical and endoscopic animal monitoring was negative at follow-up. At 24 hours, the Glubran 2 film was clearly visible on the eschar of the ESDs and signs of initial hydrolysis were discernable at 48 hours. No signs of peritoneal reaction were observed at the macroscopic examination. Equal transmural inflammation was described at the histological examination of both types of ESDs.
Conclusions: Safety and feasibility profiles of Glubran 2 nebulizing ENDONEB device over ESD surfaces were excellent. Further evidences and human trials are needed to investigate its effectiveness in ESDs' eschars sealing and, thus, in delayed micro-perforations and bleedings prevention and treatment.
Keywords: Delayed bleedings and perforations prevention; Endoscopic submucosal dissection; Synthetic sealant nebulizer.