Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure From the Large-Scale Japanese Registry Of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (JROADHF)

Circ J. 2021 Aug 25;85(9):1438-1450. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-20-0947. Epub 2021 Apr 15.


Background: With aging population, the prevalence and incidence of heart failure (HF) have been increasing worldwide. However, the characteristics and outcomes of patients with HF in an era of aging are not well established in Japan.Methods and Results:The Japanese Registry Of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (JROADHF), a retrospective, multicenter, nationwide registry, was designed to study the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized with HF throughout Japan in 2013. One hundred and twenty-eight hospitals were selected by cluster random sampling and 13,238 hospitalized patients with HF were identified by medical record review. Demographics, medical history, severity, treatment, and in-hospital and long-term outcome data were collected from the Diagnostic Procedure Combination and medical charts. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression or Cox regression analysis. The mean age of registered patients was 78.0±12.5 years and 52.8% were male. Elderly patients (age >75 years) accounted for 68.9%, and HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) accounted for 45.1%. Median length of hospital stay was 18 days and in-hospital mortality was 7.7%. The median follow-up period was 4.3 years, and the incidence rates for cardiovascular death and rehospitalization for HF were 7.1 and 21.1 per 100 person-years, respectively.

Conclusions: A contemporary nationwide registry demonstrated that hospitalized HF patients were very elderly, HFpEF was common, and their prognosis was still poor in Japan.

Keywords: Aging population; Heart failure; Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; Outcomes; Registry.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Heart Failure* / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure* / epidemiology
  • Heart Failure* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stroke Volume