Deciphering the role of microRNAs during Pi54 gene mediated Magnaporthe oryzae resistance response in rice

Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2021 Mar;27(3):633-647. doi: 10.1007/s12298-021-00960-0. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Abstract

The broad-spectrum resistance gene Pi54 confers resistance to multiple isolates of Magnaporthe oryzae in rice. In order to decipher the molecular mechanism underlying the Pi54 mediated resistance in rice line Taipei309 Pi54 (carrying Pi54), miRNAome study was performed at 24 h post-inoculation (hpi) with M. oryzae. A total of 222 known miRNAs representing 101 miRNA families were found in this study. Of these, 29 and 24 miRNAs were respectively up- and down-regulated in the resistant Taipei309 Pi54 . Defence response (DR) genes, like, NBSGO35, and OsWAK129b, and genes related to transcription factors were up-regulated in Taipei309 Pi54 line. The vast array of miRNA candidates identified here are miR159c, miR167c, miR2100, miR2118o, miR2118l, miR319a, miR393, miR395l, miR397a, miR397b, miR398, miR439g, miR531b, miR812f, and miR815c, and they manifest their role in balancing the interplay between various DR genes during Pi54 mediated resistance. We also validated miRNA/target gene pairs involved in hormone signalling, and cross-talk among hormone pathways regulating the rice immunity. This study suggests that the Pi54 gene mediated blast resistance is influenced by several microRNAs through PTI and ETI components in the rice line Taipei309 Pi54 , leading to incompatible host-pathogen interaction.

Keywords: Blast disease; Defence; Immunity; Magnaporthe oryzae; MicroRNA; Rice (Oryza sativa).