Overview of In-Hospital 3D Printing and Practical Applications in Hand Surgery

Biomed Res Int. 2021 Mar 26:2021:4650245. doi: 10.1155/2021/4650245. eCollection 2021.


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is spreading in hand surgery. There is an increasing number of practical applications like the training of junior hand surgeons, patient education, preoperative planning, and 3D printing of customized casts, customized surgical guides, implants, and prostheses. Some high-quality studies highlight the value for surgeons, but there is still a lack of high-level evidence for improved clinical endpoints and hence actual impact on the patient's outcome. This article provides an overview over the latest applications of 3D printing in hand surgery and practical experience of implementing them into daily clinical routine.

MeSH terms

  • Amputation, Surgical
  • Bone and Bones / surgery
  • Braces
  • Female
  • Hand / diagnostic imaging
  • Hand / surgery*
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Printing, Three-Dimensional*
  • Splints