Revolving Door Phenomenon and Related Factors in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Affective Disorder and Other Psychotic Disorders

Psychiatr Danub. Spring 2021;33(1):18-26. doi: 10.24869/psyd.2021.18.

Abstract

Background: Patients with chronic mental illness are frequently hospitalized and discharged from psychiatry wards. This situation is referred to as the "revolving door phenomenon" (RDP). In addition to factors related to the patient and the disease, limited number of beds leading to shortened hospital stay are among the reasons associated with frequent hospitalization. This study aims to compare patients with RDP and patients with single hospitalization in terms of clinical, sociodemographic, and treatment-oriented characteristics in order to evaluate the risk factors causing frequent hospitalization.

Subjects and methods: In this study, patients who were admitted and hospitalized between May 1, 2011 - May 1, 2016 were retrospectively evaluated from patient records. The RDP group consisted of 74 patients and the single-hospitalization group consisted of 59 patients who met inclusion criteria.

Results: The RDP group had significantly higher rates of male gender, ECT history, past suicide attempts, multiple drug treatment, clozapine use, legal incidents, and noncompliance to follow up following discharge compared to the single-hospitalization group (p<0.05).

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that Turkey also has RDP patients with characteristics and hospitalization patterns similar to patients in countries with different cultural, social, and economic conditions. It is important to identify and correct factors that cause frequent hospitalization as it will reduce the burden of the health system as well as provide benefit to the patient.

MeSH terms

  • Bipolar Disorder* / epidemiology
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mood Disorders
  • Psychotic Disorders* / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Schizophrenia* / epidemiology
  • Turkey / epidemiology