3D dissimilar-siamese-u-net for hyperdense Middle cerebral artery sign segmentation

Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2021 Jun;90:101898. doi: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2021.101898. Epub 2021 Mar 14.


The hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) representing a thromboembolus has been declared as a vital CT finding for intravascular thrombus in the diagnosis of acute ischemia stroke. Early recognition of HMCAS can assist in patient triage and subsequent thrombolysis or thrombectomy treatment. A total of 624 annotated head non-contrast-enhanced CT (NCCT) image scans were retrospectively collected from multiple public hospitals in Hong Kong. In this study, we present a deep Dissimilar-Siamese-U-Net (DSU-Net) that is able to precisely segment the lesions by integrating Siamese and U-Net architectures. The proposed framework consists of twin sub-networks that allow inputs of left and right hemispheres in head NCCT images separately. The proposed Dissimilar block fully explores the feature representation of the differences between the bilateral hemispheres. Ablation studies were carried out to validate the performance of various components of the proposed DSU-Net. Our findings reveal that the proposed DSU-Net provides a novel approach for HMCAS automatic segmentation and it outperforms the baseline U-Net and many state-of-the-art models for clinical practice.

Keywords: Acute ischemic stroke; Deep learning; Hyperdense Middle cerebral artery sign; Segmentation.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Middle Cerebral Artery*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stroke* / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Triage