Metastable 1T'-phase group VIB transition metal dichalcogenide crystals

Nat Mater. 2021 Aug;20(8):1113-1120. doi: 10.1038/s41563-021-00971-y. Epub 2021 Apr 15.


Metastable 1T'-phase transition metal dichalcogenides (1T'-TMDs) with semi-metallic natures have attracted increasing interest owing to their uniquely distorted structures and fascinating phase-dependent physicochemical properties. However, the synthesis of high-quality metastable 1T'-TMD crystals, especially for the group VIB TMDs, remains a challenge. Here, we report a general synthetic method for the large-scale preparation of metastable 1T'-phase group VIB TMDs, including WS2, WSe2, MoS2, MoSe2, WS2xSe2(1-x) and MoS2xSe2(1-x). We solve the crystal structures of 1T'-WS2, -WSe2, -MoS2 and -MoSe2 with single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The as-prepared 1T'-WS2 exhibits thickness-dependent intrinsic superconductivity, showing critical transition temperatures of 8.6 K for the thickness of 90.1 nm and 5.7 K for the single layer, which we attribute to the high intrinsic carrier concentration and the semi-metallic nature of 1T'-WS2. This synthesis method will allow a more systematic investigation of the intrinsic properties of metastable TMDs.