Stroke-induced immunosuppression contributes to the development of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). Experiments in mice demonstrated that apoptosis of IFN-γ producing cells and reduced IFN-γ secretion resulted in impaired immune responses and the development of pneumonia after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of intratracheal IFN-γ treatment to prevent SAP and demonstrated that modest benefits on pulmonary cytokine response in IFN-γ treated stroke mice did not prevent spontaneously developing infections and even slightly reduced bacterial clearance of aspirated pneumococci. Our results suggest that pulmonary IFN-γ treatment is not an effective preventive measure for SAP.
Keywords: IFN-γ; Immunomodulation; Lung; MCAo; Stroke-associated pneumonia.
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