Weight loss and metabolic outcomes in women with or without polycystic ovarian syndrome after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: A case-matched study

Surgeon. 2022 Jun;20(3):137-141. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2021.02.012. Epub 2021 Apr 30.


Background and objectives: Weight loss is the mainstay of management for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). However, lifestyle and dietary modifications, and gastric banding have generally poor long-term efficacy. We aimed to investigate whether gastric bypass is equally efficacious in women with or without PCOS.

Methods: We performed a matched case-control study of primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in women with PCOS (cases, n = 30) compared to women without PCOS (controls, n = 60) matched for baseline age, body mass index (BMI) and presence or absence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Data shown represent mean values.

Results: At 24 months after surgery the 90 participants (age 36.1 years) experienced significant reductions in BMI (53.4 vs. 34.9 kg/m2, p < 0.0001), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in 21 women with T2D (68.2 vs. 38.7 mmol/mol, p < 0.0001) and blood pressure (BP) in 29 women with hypertension (144/91 vs. 129/83 mmHg, p < 0.01), while obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) resolved in 88.0% of the 25 affected patients. Women with PCOS compared to women without PCOS achieved equivalent reductions in percentage total weight loss (32.6% vs. 32.6% at 12 months and 34.8% vs. 36.1% at 24 months) and HbA1c (T2D subgroup; 38.3 vs. 41.6 mmol/mol at 12 months and 37.0 vs. 39.6 mmol/mol at 24 months) and comparable improvement in BP (hypertension subgroup) and resolution of OSA (87.5% vs. 88.2% at 24 months).

Conclusion: In women with PCOS with morbid obesity, gastric bypass resulted in significant weight loss and metabolic outcomes similar to women without PCOS.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Obesity; Polycystic ovary syndrome.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2* / surgery
  • Female
  • Gastric Bypass* / methods
  • Glycated Hemoglobin
  • Humans
  • Hypertension* / surgery
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Obesity, Morbid* / complications
  • Obesity, Morbid* / surgery
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome* / complications
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome* / surgery
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / complications
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive* / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A