Real world perspective of coronary chronic total occlusion in third world countries: A tertiary care centre study from northern India

Indian Heart J. Mar-Apr 2021;73(2):156-160. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2021.03.001. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, angiographic profile and predictors of outcome for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) in a tertiary referral centre of north India.

Background: There is no data on the prevalence and very few reports on clinical characteristics, angiographic profile and outcome of PCI in CTO from India.

Methods: Retrospective analysis was done for the data of 12,020 patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) between January 2018 to January 2019 at our centre. Detailed baseline clinical, angiographic and revascularization data was collected. Outcome of CTO PCI was also noted. All baseline parameters were analysed for predicting the outcome of CTO PCI.

Results: CTO was identified in 16.3% (1968) patients undergoing CAG and in 24.4% of patients with hemodynamically significant CAD. CTO was predominantly found in LAD (48%) followed by RCA (42.9%) and LCx (25.3%) arterial distribution. Mean JCTO score was 1.93 ± 0.7. PCI as a management strategy was adopted in 456 of 1968 patients (23.1%) and was successful in 340 of 456 (74.6%) of patients. Almost all CTO PCI were attempted by an antegrade approach only. Increasing age, male sex, CTO in LCx arterial distribution and higher J CTO score were associated with poorer outcome in CTO PCI.

Conclusions: CTO's are commonly encountered during CAG procedures. In patients undergoing CTO PCI, a fair success rate can be achieved in a high volume experienced centre.

Keywords: Chronic total occlusion (CTO); Coronary artery disease (CAD); J CTO Score; Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).