Background: Anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) antibodies (Abs) are key drugs in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment; however, clinical benefits with anti-PD-1 monotherapy are limited. We reported that serum Abs against cancer-testis antigens NY-ESO-1 and XAGE1 predicted clinical benefits. We aimed to develop a fully automated immunoassay system measuring NY-ESO-1/XAGE1 Abs.
Methods: Sera from 30 NSCLC patients before anti-PD-1 monotherapy were reacted with recombinant NY-ESO-1 protein- or synthetic XAGE1 peptide-coated magnetic beads. ALP-conjugated Ab and chemiluminescent substrate were added and luminescence measured. These procedures were automated using high sensitivity chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (HISCL™). NY-ESO-1/XAGE1 Ab stability was tested under various conditions. Response prediction accuracy was evaluated using area under receiver operating curve (AUROC).
Results: HISCL detected specific serum NY-ESO-1/XAGE1 Abs, which levels in ELISA and HISCL were highly correlated. The Ab levels in HISCL were stable at four temperatures, five freeze/thaw cycles, and long-term storage; the levels were not interfered by common blood components. The Ab levels in 15 NSCLC responders to anti-PD-1 monotherapy were significantly higher than those in non-responders and healthy donors. The AUROC was the highest (0.91; 95% CI, 0.78-1.0) in combinatory prediction with NY-ESO-1/XAGE1 Abs.
Conclusion: Our immunoassay system is useful to predict clinical benefits with NSCLC immune-checkpoint therapy.
Keywords: Autoantibody; Automated immunoassay; Biomarker; Cancer-testis antigen; Immune-checkpoint therapy; Lung cancer.
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.