The role of alcohol consumption in pathogenesis of gout

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2022;62(25):7129-7137. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2021.1911928. Epub 2021 Apr 19.


Alcohol is recognized a risk factor for increased uric acid and gout flare. The aim of the study was to review the literature in order to find out what is the role of alcohol consumption in pathogenesis of gout. A search in PubMed, Google Scholar, Medline Complete database was performed in January 2021. The databases were searched with the phrases: "uric acid and alcohol," "alcoholic beverages and gout," "hyperuricemia and alcoholic beverages consumption" published between 2000 and 2021. A total of 2642 results were found. The 99 non-duplicate citations were screened. Then 81 articles were excluded after abstract screen. After that 18 articles were retrieved. Eventually 15 articles were included for systematic review. Several authors see the positive correlation between beer or distilled spirits consumption and gout. Some include wine to the list of triggers of gout. Others state that moderate wine consumption protects from gout attacks due to antioxidants and phytoestrogen content. Majority noticed the relationship between episodic alcohol consumption and gout attacks. Episodic alcohol intake triggers gout attacks, regardless of type of alcohol. Thus, individuals with established gout and pre-existing risk factors should limit all types of alcohol intake to prevent gout episodes.

Keywords: Alcohol; gout; hyperuricemia; risk factors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Alcoholic Beverages / adverse effects
  • Beer
  • Ethanol
  • Gout* / epidemiology
  • Gout* / etiology
  • Gout* / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Hyperuricemia* / epidemiology
  • Hyperuricemia* / prevention & control
  • Symptom Flare Up
  • Uric Acid
  • Wine*


  • Uric Acid
  • Ethanol