Dosimetry in Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Evaluated by Monte Carlo Technique

Health Phys. 2021 Jul 1;121(1):18-29. doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000001407.

Abstract

The influence of the angular deviation of the tube during digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) acquisition to the dose in the examined breast and in other organs and tissues is not well known. In this work, the Monte Carlo method was used with an adult female virtual anthropomorphic phantom to investigate the impact of this angular variation on the breast dose. The absorbed dose in the examined breast was normalized by the air kerma, which resulted in an absorbed dose coefficient (DT/Kair) for the breast. The absorbed dose in each organ was normalized by the glandular dose in the breast, resulting in the relative organ dose (ROD). An adult female virtual anthropomorphic phantom (FSTA_M50_H50) was incorporated into a scenario containing tomosynthesis equipment with Mo/Mo, Mo/Rh, and W/Rh target/filter combinations and tube voltages of 28 kV. The comparison between the results of the simulations considering digital mammography (DM) and DBT data showed that the DT/Kair values for the examined breast obtained with the DBT parameters were up to 24 times higher than with the DT/Kair obtained with DM parameters. A DT/Kair of 0.97 × 10-1 mGy mGy-1 was obtained in a DBT exam of the right breast. Considering the other organs, the highest ROD values were observed in the thyroid (6.45 × 10-4), eyes (3.87 × 10-4), liver (1.95 × 10-5), and eye lenses (3.21 × 10-3). A variation in the absorbed dose values for the breast and other organs was observed for all projections different from 0°.