Effects of dipyridamole on the hypoxemic pulmonary hypertension of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Respiration. 1988;53(1):13-9. doi: 10.1159/000195390.

Abstract

Based on the hypothesis that blood platelets contribute to the pathogenesis of hypoxemic pulmonary hypertension in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the effect of a prolonged treatment with dipyridamole, a platelet-inhibiting drug, on hypoxemic pulmonary hypertension was evaluated in a double-blind cross-over study. Eight patients with COPD, pulmonary hypertension [mean systolic pressure 52.2 +/- (SD) 9.7 mm Hg; mean diastolic pressure 25.8 +/- (SD) 6.8 mm Hg] and shortened platelet regeneration time [mean 5.2 +/- (SD) 1.2 days] received, in a cross-over random sequence, the following two 3-month treatments: (a) dipyridamole 100 mg and acetylcysteine 100 mg every 6 h; (b) acetylcysteine, 100 mg every 6 h. Dipyridamole significantly prolonged the platelet regeneration time [mean 6.5 +/- (SD) 1.0 days; p less than 0.05]. There was no significant effect on diastolic pulmonary pressure. However, systolic pressure was significantly (p less than 0.05) lower after dipyridamole [46.8 +/- (SD) 16 mm Hg] than after placebo [56.1 +/- (SD) 14 mm Hg]. These results suggest that dipyridamole can slow the progression of hypoxemic pulmonary hypertension in patients with COPD.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Dipyridamole / pharmacology
  • Dipyridamole / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / etiology
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / physiopathology
  • Hypoxia / etiology
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / complications*
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects
  • Pulmonary Artery / physiology
  • Respiration

Substances

  • Dipyridamole