Retrospective Examination of the GILLS Algorithm Applied to Mandibular Distraction

Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med. 2022 Jul-Aug;24(4):262-265. doi: 10.1089/fpsam.2020.0436. Epub 2021 Apr 20.


Background: The GILLS (gastroesophageal reflux, preoperative intubation, late intervention (>14 days), low birth weight (<2500 g), and syndromic diagnosis) score is a validated predictor of success for tongue-lip adhesion (TLA) in patients with Robin sequence (RS). Objective: To evaluate the application of the GILLS score to mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) for airway management in patients with RS and the associated syndromes. Methods: A retrospective chart review of 21 patients diagnosed with RS and treated with MDO surgery between the years 2006 and 2016 was performed. Success was defined by tracheostomy status outcome measures. Statistical analysis of the success was completed. Results: A GILLS score limit of ≤3 had a positive predictive value of 100%, a negative predictive value of 50%, 83% sensitivity, and 100% specificity. Conclusions: These data imply that the GILLS scoring algorithm is applicable to aiding in the selection of patients with RS for MDO, including patients with known syndromes.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Gills
  • Humans
  • Lip / surgery
  • Osteogenesis, Distraction*
  • Pierre Robin Syndrome* / complications
  • Pierre Robin Syndrome* / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome