The overuse of low value medical tests and treatments drives costs and patient harm. Efforts to address overuse, such as Choosing Wisely campaigns, typically rely on passive implementation strategies- a form of low reliability system change. Embedding guidelines into clinical decision support (CDS) software is a higher leverage approach to provide ordering suggestions through an interface embedded within the clinical workflow. Growth in computing power is increasingly enabling artificial intelligence (AI) to augment such decision making tools. This article offers a roadmap of opportunities for AI-enabled CDS to reduce overuse, which are presented according to a patient's journey of care.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Clinical decision support; Quality improvement; Resource stewardship.