The Importance of Personal Recovery and Perceived Recovery Support Among Service Users With Psychosis

Psychiatr Serv. 2021 Jun;72(6):661-668. doi: 10.1176/ Epub 2021 Apr 22.


Objective: More knowledge is needed about whether personal recovery, as defined by the CHIME framework (connectedness, hope, identity, meaning and purpose, and empowerment), is considered important by service users with psychosis. This study examined the importance of personal recovery for a large, heterogeneous group of service users with psychosis and their perceived support from clinicians for personal recovery.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used baseline data from 321 service users with psychosis from 39 clinical units across Norway. The INSPIRE Measure of Staff Support for Personal Recovery (based on CHIME) was used to examine personal recovery and perceived support provided for recovery. Twenty support-for-recovery items were each rated on importance (yes or no) and on the extent of support received (5-point scale). Bivariate and multiple linear regression models assessed variables associated with rated importance and support. Results: Most service users rated personal recovery items as important, regardless of their symptomatology and functioning. Previous experience with Illness Management and Recovery, knowledge about coping with stress and illness, and having a plan for early detection and prevention of relapse were significantly associated with higher perceived support. Higher self-reported depressive symptoms, lower score on the Global Assessment of Functioning symptom subscale, and male sex were significantly associated with less perceived support.

Conclusions: Most service users with psychosis found personal recovery important, regardless of symptomatology and functioning, which has implications for clinical practice and provides empirical evidence that recovery-oriented treatments are relevant for most service users with psychosis in various mental health services.

Keywords: PROM; Recovery; Schizophrenia; service user.