Purpose of review: Aim of the present review is to provide an overview of the effect of manipulating dietary carbohydrates (content, type) after a period of weight loss on weight loss maintenance and its potential underlying mechanisms.
Recent findings: Few recent studies directly tested whether lower carbohydrate/glycaemic load or higher fibre diets help to limit weight regain after weight loss and they did not provide evidence supporting a role of a reduction of the carbohydrate or an increase of the fibre content of the diet in the prevention of weight regain after weight loss. Some evidence is emerging that personal characteristics (gut microbiota, glycaemia) may interact with diet composition. but randomized clinical trials are needed to substantiate these claims.
Summary: There is currently no convincing evidence that lowering dietary carbohydrates has a clinically relevant effect on weight regain after weight loss, unless there is an increase in protein intake at the same time. Further randomized trials are needed to investigate potential interactions with personal characteristics while improving strategies for long-term adherence.
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.