CAPS1 is involved in hippocampal synaptic plasticity and hippocampus-associated learning

Sci Rep. 2021 Apr 21;11(1):8656. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-88009-w.


Calcium-dependent activator protein for secretion 1 (CAPS1) is a key molecule in vesicular exocytosis, probably in the priming step. However, CAPS1's role in synaptic plasticity and brain function is elusive. Herein, we showed that synaptic plasticity and learning behavior were impaired in forebrain and/or hippocampus-specific Caps1 conditional knockout (cKO) mice by means of molecular, physiological, and behavioral analyses. Neonatal Caps1 cKO mice showed a decrease in the number of docked vesicles in the hippocampal CA3 region, with no detectable changes in the distribution of other major exocytosis-related molecules. Additionally, long-term potentiation (LTP) was partially and severely impaired in the CA1 and CA3 regions, respectively. CA1 LTP was reinforced by repeated high-frequency stimuli, whereas CA3 LTP was completely abolished. Accordingly, hippocampus-associated learning was severely impaired in adeno-associated virus (AAV) infection-mediated postnatal Caps1 cKO mice. Collectively, our findings suggest that CAPS1 is a key protein involved in the cellular mechanisms underlying hippocampal synaptic release and plasticity, which is crucial for hippocampus-associated learning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Conditioning, Classical
  • Discrimination Learning
  • Female
  • Hippocampus / metabolism
  • Hippocampus / physiology*
  • Hippocampus / ultrastructure
  • Learning / physiology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology*
  • Neuronal Plasticity / physiology*
  • Subcellular Fractions / metabolism


  • Cadps protein, mouse
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins