[Which physical tests for which objectives in pulmonary rehabilitation?]

Rev Mal Respir. 2021 Jun;38(6):646-663. doi: 10.1016/j.rmr.2021.04.001. Epub 2021 Apr 21.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Chronic respiratory disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and an important cause of disability including a reduction of exercise, functional and muscle capacity contributing to a decreased quality of life. In the context of pulmonary rehabilitation, a thorough patient-centered outcome assessment, including not only measures of lung function, but also exercise functional and muscle capacity, is imperative for a comprehensive disease management. Assessment of these impairments and dysfunctions with appropriate and change-sensitive procedures is thus necessary for personalizing the physical interventions and assessing the short- and long-term effectiveness of the intervention. The clinician currently has a wide variety of tests and measurements available to assess the physical and functional capacity of people with chronic respiratory disease. The aim of this review is to provide a pragmatic synthesis of the physical, functional and muscle capacity tests most commonly used in pulmonary rehabilitation. Ultimately, it should help the clinician to identify the relevant evaluations according to the objectives of the patients but also according to the available resources, the setting of pulmonary rehabilitation and the specific qualities of each test.

Keywords: Assessment; BPCO; COPD; Exercise and functional test; Method; Méthodes; Pulmonary rehabilitation; Réhabilitation respiratoire; Test de terrain; muscle assessment; Épreuve sur cyclo-ergomètre; Évaluation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Exercise
  • Exercise Tolerance
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive* / diagnosis
  • Quality of Life*