The peri-islet extracellular matrix (ECM) is a key component of the microenvironmental niche surrounding pancreatic islets of Langerhans. The cell anchorage and signaling provided by the peri-islet ECM is critical for optimum beta cell glucose responsiveness, but islets lose this important native ECM when isolated for transplantation or in vitro studies. Here, we established a method to construct a peri-islet ECM on the surfaces of isolated rat and human islets by the co-assembly from solution of laminin, nidogen and collagen IV proteins. Successful deposition of contiguous peri-islet ECM networks was confirmed by immunofluorescence, western blot, and transmission electron microscopy. The ECM coatings were disrupted when assembly occurred in Ca2+/Mg2+-free conditions. As laminin network polymerization is divalent cation dependent, our data are consistent with receptor-driven ordered ECM network formation rather than passive protein adsorption. To further illustrate the utility of ECM coatings, we employed stem cell derived beta-like cell clusters (sBCs) as a renewable source of functional beta cells for cell replacement therapy. We observe that sBC pseudo-islets lack an endogenous peri-islet ECM, but successfully applied our approach to construct a de novo ECM coating on the surfaces of sBCs.
Keywords: Basement membrane; Extracellular matrix; Laminin-nidogen-collagen IV; Pancreatic islet; Stem cell-derived beta cell; Type 1 diabetes.
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