Further evidence of benzene carcinogenicity. Results on Wistar rats and Swiss mice treated by ingestion

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988;534:412-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb30131.x.


Wistar rats and Swiss mice were treated by ingestion (stomach tube) with benzene in olive oil at a dose of 500 and 0 mg/kg b.w. once daily, 4-5 days weekly, for 104 weeks (rats) or for 78 weeks (mice). In Wistar rats, benzene caused Zymbal gland carcinomas, carcinomas of the oral cavity, and carcinomas of the nasal cavities, and an increase in the incidence of total malignant tumors. In Swiss mice, benzene produced Zymbal gland carcinomas and dysplasias and an increase in the incidence of mammary carcinomas (in females), lung tumors, and total malignant tumors. These experiments further confirm that benzene is a multipotential carcinogen as was shown before by long-term bioassays performed on Sprague-Dawley rats in the same Experimental Unit.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Benzene / administration & dosage
  • Benzene / toxicity*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mutagenicity Tests
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Benzene