The rapid development of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has revolutionized the treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR mutations including but not limited to exon 19 deletions (19 del) and point mutation L858R in exon 21. However, the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs in patients with rare mutations, such as EGFR-kinase domain duplication (KDD), remains elusive. EGFR-KDD often results from in-frame tandem duplication of EGFR exons 18-25, causing subsequent constitutive activation of EGFR signaling. Several case reports have revealed the efficacies of EGFR-TKIs in advanced lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) with EGFR-KDD but yielded variable antitumor responses. In the present study, we report a 61-year-old male patient diagnosed with T1N3M0 (stage IIIB) LUAD harboring EGFR-KDD involving exons 18-25. He was treated with afatinib and achieved partial response (PR) with progression-free survival (PFS) of 12 months and counting. Our work, confirming EGFR-KDD as an oncogenic driver and therapeutic target, provides clinical evidence to administer EGFR-TKIs in patients with advanced LUAD harboring EGFR-KDD.
Keywords: EGFR-KDD; afatinib; lung adenocarcinoma; next-generation sequencing; tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
Copyright © 2021 Zhao, Wang, Du, Chen and Wang.