Scale up mHealth HIV interventions: site and public health perspectives and lessons learned from P3

Mhealth. 2021 Apr 20;7:38. doi: 10.21037/mhealth-20-65. eCollection 2021.


A number of mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been shown to be effective and highly acceptable tools for improving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care for youth. Scale-up of efficacious technology-based interventions is challenging and best practices for scale-up have not been clearly established. Developers of mHealth interventions should have plans in mind for wide scale implementation throughout all stages of development including planning, during trials and during analysis and dissemination. We discuss an approach of focus on researchers, funders and potential implementers including members of the community, public health practitioners and policymakers during initial planning, trials, analysis and dissemination, and planning for scale-up. Development of the P3 (Prepared, Protected, emPowered) mobile application (app), an intervention built to encourage and increase pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and young transgender women who have sex with men (YTWSM), is discussed in terms of designing for scale-up and lessons learned.

Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); app; implementation; mHealth; youth.

Publication types

  • Review