Factors improving survival in multisystem trauma patients

Ann Surg. 1988 Jun;207(6):679-85. doi: 10.1097/00000658-198806000-00006.


This report analyzes the effect of air versus ground interhospital transport on survival following multisystem injury. There were 136 air-transported patients versus 194 ground-transported patients. The groups were similar in trauma scores, ages, mechanism of injury, and organ systems injured. There was a statistically significant survival advantage for air-transported patients with trauma scores between 10 and 5 (82.8% survival vs. 53.5%, p = less than 0.001). The time interval between accident and admission to the authors' institution was similar for both groups. Important therapeutic interventions contributing to better survival by the air-transported group included higher incidences of endotracheal intubation (50% vs. 25%), blood transfusions (32% vs. 10%), larger volumes of electrolyte fluid (3.3 L per patient vs. 2.1 L per patient) as well as the use of MAST trousers (60.3% vs. 34.9%). Transport charges for both ground and air services were similar. However, helicopter charges met only 15% of the operational budget of the aeromedical service. The remainder of the costs were generated from hospital patient revenues. Overall, total hospital charges were similar for both groups and were influenced by the variability of length of stay, particularly for orthopedic patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aircraft*
  • Ambulances*
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Emergency Medical Services* / economics
  • Emergency Medical Services* / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Multiple Trauma / mortality*
  • North Carolina
  • Time Factors
  • Transportation of Patients* / economics