RISC II is superior to TRISS in predicting 30-day mortality in blunt major trauma patients in Hong Kong

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2021 Apr 26. doi: 10.1007/s00068-021-01667-3. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Purpose: Hong Kong (HK) trauma registries have been using the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) for audit and benchmarking since their introduction in 2000. We compare the mortality prediction model using TRISS and Revised Injury Severity Classification, version II (RISC II) for trauma centre patients in HK.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study with all five trauma centres in HK. Adult trauma patients with Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15 suffering from blunt injuries from January 2013 to December 2015 were included. TRISS models using the US and local coefficients were compared with the RISC II model. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for tested models.

Results: 1840 patients were included, of whom 1236/1840 (67%) were male. Median age was 59 years and median ISS was 25. Low falls were the most common mechanism of injury. The 30-day mortality was 23%. RISC II yielded a superior AUC of 0.896, compared with the TRISS models (MTOS: 0.848; PATOS: 0.839; HK: 0.858). Prespecified subgroup analyses showed that all the models performed worse for age ≥ 70, ASA ≥ III, and low falls. RISC II had a higher AUC compared with the TRISS models in all subgroups, although not statistically significant.

Conclusion: RISC II was superior to TRISS in predicting the 30-day mortality for Hong Kong adult blunt major trauma patients. RISC II may be useful when performing future audit or benchmarking exercises for trauma in Hong Kong.

Keywords: RISC II; TRISS; Trauma centre; Wounds and Injuries.