Association Between Ejaculatory Dysfunction and Post-Void Dribbling After Urethroplasty

Urology. 2021 Jul:153:320-326. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2021.04.016. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD) and post-void dribbling (PVD) after urethroplasty are associated, providing evidence for a common etiology.

Methods: We reviewed a prospectively maintained database for first-time, anterior urethroplasties. One item from the Male Sexual Health Questionnaire (MSHQ) assessed EjD: "How would you rate the strength or force of your ejaculation". One item from the Urethral Stricture Surgery Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (USS-PROM) assessed PVD: "How often have you had slight wetting of your pants after you had finished urinating?". The frequency of symptoms was compared after penile vs. bulbar repairs, and anastomotic versus augmentation bulbar repairs. Associations were assessed with chi-square.

Results: A total of 728 men were included. Overall, postoperative EjD and PVD were common; 67% and 66%, respectively. There was a significant association between EjD and PVD for the whole cohort (p<0.0001); this association remained significant after penile repairs (p=0.01), bulbar repairs (p<0.0007), and bulbar anastomotic repairs (p=0.002), but not after bulbar augmentation repairs (p=0.052). EjD and PVD occurred at similar rates after penile and bulbar urethroplasty. The rate of EjD was similar after bulbar augmentation and bulbar anastomotic urethroplasties, but PVD was more common after bulbar augmentation (70% vs. 52%) (p = 0.0001).

Conclusion: EjD and PVD after anterior urethroplasty are significantly associated with one another, supporting the theory of a common etiology. High rates after penile repairs argue against a bulbospongiosus muscle damage etiology, and high rates after anastomotic repairs argue against graft sacculation. More work is needed to better understand and prevent symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anastomosis, Surgical
  • Ejaculation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / complications
  • Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / etiology*
  • Urethra / surgery*
  • Urinary Incontinence, Urge / complications
  • Urinary Incontinence, Urge / etiology*
  • Urination
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male / methods