Surveillance of respiratory syncytial virus infections in adults, Austria, 2017 to 2019

Sci Rep. 2021 Apr 26;11(1):8939. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-88537-5.


Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) testing is generally available in most care centres, but it is rarely performed because clinicians' seldom suspect RSV to be the underlying pathogen in adults with respiratory disease. Here, we evaluate the impact of broad combined influenza/RSV testing on the clinical practice. Overall, 103 patients were tested positively for RSV. Our study indicates that positively tested patients were mostly of advanced age and suffered from chronic diseases. Mortality was significant in our cohort and higher in patients with advanced age. Further, we report a significant increase in detected RSV cases but also in detection rate. Together, these findings suggest that implementation of a combined influenza/RSV testing led to a significant increase in detection rate, supported clinicians establishing the correct diagnosis and allowed a safe and controlled handling of RSV patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Austria / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / mortality*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses*
  • Retrospective Studies