The effectiveness of social media and in-person interventions for low back pain conditions in nursing personnel (SMILE)

Nurs Open. 2021 May;8(3):1220-1231. doi: 10.1002/nop2.738. Epub 2020 Dec 15.


Aim: To compare two educational approaches to reduce low back pain in nurses.

Design: A community randomized controlled clinical trial.

Methods: Data were collected with two interventions and a control arm between August 2018 and January 2019. Participants were recruited from three hospitals. Hospital 1 received an in-person educational programme, Hospital 2 received via the website and Hospital 3 received nothing. Statistical analysis was carried out with a follow-up of 3 and 6 months.

Results: A total of 180 female nurses with low back pain participated in the study. Dimensions of the quality of life improved over 3 and 6 months, pain and disability decreased over 3 months in both intervention groups and over 6 months in the social media group.

Conclusion: Two educational approaches can be effective in decreasing pain, disability and improving quality of life. However, the findings suggest that the social media approach was more successful over the long-term and might be a better way to present the programme.

Keywords: disability; in‐person; nurse; occupational low back pain; quality of life; social media.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain* / therapy
  • Nurses*
  • Nursing Staff*
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Media*

Associated data

  • IRCT/20170313033054N2