Assessment of health status for the purposes of benefi ts and social security services for people with lung cancer and the economic impact of this disease on social security in the Czech Republic

Klin Onkol. 2021 Spring;34(2):130-136. doi: 10.48095/ccko2021130.

Abstract

Background: The paper deals with temporary incapacity for work and newly created first, second or third degree disability in people dia-gnosed with lung cancer (dg. C34). The aim of this study was to describe the economic impacts on the budget in the Czech Republic, spent through the Czech Social Security Administration on temporary incapacity for work and newly created disability pensions due to the disease. For greater completeness of the impact on the budget of the Czech Republic, we have also provided an overview of applications for care allowance and applications for the purpose of granting a disability card.

Material and methods: The starting point for the evaluation was the data provided by the Czech Social Security Administration. The basic research group consisted of people with dg. C34, who applied for an invalidity pension in 2016-2019, due to first, second and third degree invalidities. The disability and temporary incapacity for work is therefore related to a group of people at working age. With the help of quantitative research using content analysis of the text, we performed data evaluation.

Results: We found that even though the number of people applying for a disability pension for dg. C34 is declining slightly, the expenditure on these pensions is still high. In the years 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019, the research groups consisted of 612, 631, 576 and 543 people, respectively.

Conclusion: The disease associated with lung cancer is not only characterized by high mortality, but is also one of the very common causes of temporary incapacity for work and new disabilities. This fact therefore contributes significantly to the economic costs of the Czech Republic.

Keywords: OZP card (disabled person); assessment activity– temporary incapacity for work; care allowance; disability pension; lung cancer; temporary incapacity to work.

MeSH terms

  • Czech Republic
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Insurance, Disability
  • Lung Neoplasms / economics*
  • Pensions
  • Social Security