In order to identify cerebellar terminals in the cat inferior olive which contain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a technique was developed combining anterograde transport of wheatgerm agglutinine-conjugated horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) with gold-immunocytochemistry. With this technique both the HRP reaction product and the immunogold labelling can be visualized in a single ultrathin section. Our results suggest that most, if not all of the WGA-HRP-labelled cerebellar terminals in the rostral medial accessory olive (MAO) and the rostral principal olive (PO) are GABAergic. In an additional experiment the GABAergic innervation of the rostral MAO was studied in combination with WGA-HRP anterograde tracing from the rostral mesencephalon. In this case the WGA-HRP-labelled terminals were never found to be GABA-positive.