Halting the haematochezia

Frontline Gastroenterol. 2020 May 15;12(3):232-234. doi: 10.1136/flgastro-2020-101495. eCollection 2021.


An elderly gentleman with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) was admitted with rectal bleeding, shown on flexible sigmoidoscopy to be arising from rectal varices, which bled despite endoscopic therapy with histoacryl glue. Therapeutic options were limited with surgery and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt deemed too high risk, and endovascular embolisation through interventional radiology was sought. Coil-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration was used to good effect. This rare approach has advantages over balloon occlusion, avoiding long indwelling balloon time and risk of rupture or infection, as well as time efficiency.

Keywords: bleeding; interventional radiology; portal hypertension; primary sclerosing cholangitis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports