ACL injury prevention: Where have we come from and where are we going?

J Orthop Res. 2022 Jan;40(1):43-54. doi: 10.1002/jor.25058. Epub 2021 May 11.


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are one of the most common and severe knee injuries across sports. As such, ACL injury prevention has been a focus of research and sports medicine practice for the past three-plus decades. Examining the current research and identifying both clinical strategies and research gaps, the aim of this review is to empower clinicians and researchers with knowledge of where the ACL injury prevention literature is currently and where it is going in the future. This paper examines the mechanism of ACL injury prevention, screening, implementation, compliance, adherence, coronavirus, and areas of future research. Clinical significance: The time lag between research and practical implementation in general healthcare settings can be as long as 17 years; however, athletes playing sports today are unable to wait that long. With effective programs already established, implementation and adherence to these programs is essential. Strategies such as coaching education, increasing awareness of free programs, identifying barriers, and overcoming implementation obstacles through creative collaboration are just a few ways that could help improve both ACL injury prevention implementation and adherence.

Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament; knee; sports.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Athletes
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Sports