Objectives: The degree of lymphoceles prevention was assessed using collagen patches coated with human coagulation factors (TachoSil, Nycomed International Management GmbH, Zurich, Switzerland). The study enrolled 50 consecutive patients with endometrial and cervical cancer stages IB to II who had undergone open hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy (PL). In addition, the drainage volumes of 22 patients with hypertension were compared to that of the rest of the study population. Furthermore, occurrence of lymphocele in patients with endometrial and cervical cancer were compared after completion of adjuvant treatment.
Material and method: s: Patients were simultaneously randomized in two groups: as a control (side without TachoSil applied) and study group (side with TachoSil applied). All surgical parameters were collected, and patients underwent ultrasound examination on postoperative days 1, 6, and 30, and at the end of treatment.
Results: The TachoSil Group showed a lower drainage volume, 30 days after surgery, while outflow of fluid occurred in 11 (22%) of all TachoSil Group cases and 22 (44%) of all control group cases. Furthermore, two patients in the control group had symptomatic lymphocele, while the same number of cases was observed in the TachoSil Group. However, the TachoSil Group demonstrated a decreased tendency to lymphocele occurrence after the end of adjuvant therapy. Here, patients with the collagen patch developed lymphocele in 12% of all cases, as opposed to 18% without TachoSil.
Conclusions: TachoSil is a useful support treatment option for reducing drainage volume and preventing lymphocele development after lymphadenectomy.
Keywords: cervical cancer; collagen patch; endometrial cancer; lymphadenectomy; lymphocele.