Population Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling and Covariate Analyses of Neutropenia and Thrombocytopenia in Patients With Solid Tumors Treated With Lurbinectedin

J Clin Pharmacol. 2021 Sep;61(9):1206-1219. doi: 10.1002/jcph.1886. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Abstract

Lurbinectedin is a selective inhibitor of oncogenic transcription. Reversible myelosuppression is its most relevant toxicity. Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analyses were conducted to characterize the time course of absolute neutrophil count and platelet count recovery and to detect and quantify the effect of relevant covariates in patients with advanced solid tumors treated with lurbinectedin. Absolute neutrophil count, platelet count, and lurbinectedin total plasma concentration were assessed in 244 patients treated with lurbinectedin with varied dosing schedules and doses. A reference extended semimechanistic pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model of myelosuppression was used. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration was modeled as a dichotomous covariate, and platelet transfusions were included as a bolus dose into the last compartment of the model, representing the central circulation. Final models were suitable to describe the time course of absolute neutrophil count and platelet count recovery. A lurbinectedin dose of 3.2 mg/m2 every 3 weeks can be administered without primary prophylaxis with G-CSF. G-CSF followed by ≤2 dose reductions of 20%, if needed, gradually reduced grade 4 neutropenia from cycle 3 onward. BSA-based dosing reduced the incidence of grade ≥ 3 thrombocytopenia. One-week dose delays because of low absolute neutrophil count occurred in 3.5% of patients, thus supporting every-3-week administration. CYP3A inhibitors produced absolute 11.0% and 6.2% increases in grade ≥ 3 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, respectively. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia after lurbinectedin administration to cancer patients are noncumulative, reversible, short lasting, and clinically manageable with secondary prophylaxis of G-CSF or platelet transfusion and, if needed, dose reductions.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00877474 NCT01405391 NCT01525589.

Keywords: lurbinectedin; neutropenia; pharmacodynamics; pharmacokinetics; thrombocytopenia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00877474
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01405391
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01525589
  • EudraCT/2008-007300-28
  • EudraCT/2010-024292-30
  • EudraCT/2011-002172-16
  • EudraCT/2011-006108-11