Characterization of genetically modified mice for phosphoglycerate mutase, a vitally-essential enzyme in glycolysis

PLoS One. 2021 Apr 29;16(4):e0250856. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0250856. eCollection 2021.


Glycolytic metabolism is closely involved in physiological homeostasis and pathophysiological states. Among glycolytic enzymes, phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM) has been reported to exert certain physiological role in vitro, whereas its impact on glucose metabolism in vivo remains unclear. Here, we report the characterization of Pgam1 knockout mice. We observed that homozygous knockout mice of Pgam1 were embryonic lethal. Although we previously reported that both PGAM-1 and -2 affect global glycolytic profile of cancers in vitro, in vivo glucose parameters were less affected both in the heterozygous knockout of Pgam1 and in Pgam2 transgenic mice. Thus, the impact of PGAM on in vivo glucose metabolism is rather complex than expected before.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Genes, Lethal*
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glycolysis
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Phosphoglycerate Mutase / genetics*


  • Phosphoglycerate Mutase
  • Glucose

Grants and funding

This work was supported in part by grants from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Grants No. 26310103 to HK and No. 15K19283 to HK), and by the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST JP17gm0610002h0306 to HK). HK; Hiroshi Kondoh.