First Genome-Scale Metabolic Model of Dolosigranulum pigrum Confirms Multiple Auxotrophies

Metabolites. 2021 Apr 9;11(4):232. doi: 10.3390/metabo11040232.


Dolosigranulum pigrum is a quite recently discovered Gram-positive coccus. It has gained increasing attention due to its negative correlation with Staphylococcus aureus, which is one of the most successful modern pathogens causing severe infections with tremendous morbidity and mortality due to its multiple resistances. As the possible mechanisms behind its inhibition of S. aureus remain unclear, a genome-scale metabolic model (GEM) is of enormous interest and high importance to better study its role in this fight. This article presents the first GEM of D. pigrum, which was curated using automated reconstruction tools and extensive manual curation steps to yield a high-quality GEM. It was evaluated and validated using all currently available experimental data of D. pigrum. With this model, already predicted auxotrophies and biosynthetic pathways could be verified. The model was used to define a minimal medium for further laboratory experiments and to predict various carbon sources' growth capacities. This model will pave the way to better understand D. pigrum's role in the fight against S. aureus.

Keywords: Dolosigranulum pigrum; Staphylococcus aureus; auxotrophy; genome-scale metabolic model; interaction; nose microbiome.