A Systematic Review of Augmented Reality in Health Sciences: A Guide to Decision-Making in Higher Education

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Apr 17;18(8):4262. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18084262.


The objective of this study was to investigate the usability of the augmented reality (AR) in higher education in the area of health sciences to describe what type of interventions have been developed, their impact on various psychopedagogical aspects of the students as well as the main advantages, disadvantages and challenges in incorporating AR in the teaching-learning process. A systematic review was carried out in the CINAHL, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science databases and the Google Scholar search engine. The search was limited to original research articles written in English, Spanish or Portuguese since 2014. The quality of the selected articles (n = 19) was assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT). The applications and electronic devices used and the measurement instruments used were described. The use of AR made it easier for students to acquire skills, especially in courses with a high component of three-dimensional visualization, and positively influenced various aspects of the learning process such as motivation, satisfaction or autonomous learning. As an educational technological tool applied to higher education in health sciences, AR improves the teaching-learning process by influencing it in a multidimensional way.

Keywords: augmented reality; health sciences; higher education; teaching-learning.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Augmented Reality*
  • Humans
  • Learning