Antioxidants in Potatoes: A Functional View on One of the Major Food Crops Worldwide

Molecules. 2021 Apr 22;26(9):2446. doi: 10.3390/molecules26092446.


With a growing world population, accelerating climate changes, and limited arable land, it is critical to focus on plant-based resources for sustainable food production. In addition, plants are a cornucopia for secondary metabolites, of which many have robust antioxidative capacities and are beneficial for human health. Potato is one of the major food crops worldwide, and is recognized by the United Nations as an excellent food source for an increasing world population. Potato tubers are rich in a plethora of antioxidants with an array of health-promoting effects. This review article provides a detailed overview about the biosynthesis, chemical and health-promoting properties of the most abundant antioxidants in potato tubers, including several vitamins, carotenoids and phenylpropanoids. The dietary contribution of diverse commercial and primitive cultivars are detailed and document that potato contributes much more than just complex carbohydrates to the diet. Finally, the review provides insights into the current and future potential of potato-based systems as tools and resources for healthy and sustainable food production.

Keywords: antioxidant; climate change; glycoalkaloids; health; nutrition; patatin; phenolic antioxidants; potato; vitamin.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Crops, Agricultural / chemistry
  • Crops, Agricultural / metabolism
  • Metabolic Networks and Pathways
  • Molecular Structure
  • Nutritive Value
  • Phenols / chemistry
  • Phenols / metabolism
  • Phenols / pharmacology
  • Phytochemicals / chemistry
  • Phytochemicals / metabolism
  • Phytochemicals / pharmacology
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Secondary Metabolism
  • Solanum tuberosum / chemistry*
  • Solanum tuberosum / metabolism
  • Vitamins / chemistry
  • Vitamins / pharmacology


  • Antioxidants
  • Phenols
  • Phytochemicals
  • Plant Extracts
  • Vitamins