Novel Insights Into Biarticular Muscle Actions Gained From High-Density Electromyogram

Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2021 Jul 1;49(3):179-187. doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000254.


Biarticular muscles have traditionally been considered to exhibit homogeneous neuromuscular activation. The regional activation of biarticular muscles, as revealed from high-density surface electromyograms, seems however to discredit this notion. We thus hypothesize the regional activation of biarticular muscles may contribute to different actions about the joints they span. We then discuss the mechanistic basis and methodological implications underpinning our hypothesis.

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Electromyography
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal*