Background: We hypothesize that women undergoing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal carcinomatosis from appendiceal cancer will have a survival advantage compared to men.
Methods: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) public user file (2004-2014) was used to select patients with PC undergoing CRS and HIPEC from appendiceal cancer. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed.
Results: 1,190 patients with PC from appendiceal cancer underwent HIPEC and CRS. OS was significantly longer for women than for men, with mean and median OS being 73.8 months and 98.2 months for women vs 58.7 months and 82.5 months for men, respectively (p = 0.0032). On multivariable analysis, male sex (HR: 1.444, 95% CI: 1.141-1.827, p = 0.0022) and increasing age (HR: 1.017, 95% CI: 1.006-1.027, p = 0.0017) were both found to be independent risk factors for worse OS.
Conclusion: Women undergoing CRS and HIPEC for PC from appendiceal origin live longer than men undergoing the same treatment. Increasing age was also found to be independent risk factors for worse survival.