Objective: To explore nurses' perceptions of early mobilisation of patient in the adult intensive care unit.
Design and methods: An exploratory descriptive qualitative research design was used. Three focus group interviews were conducted in 2018-2019. Audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim and content analysis was used to extract emerging categories and sub-categories.
Setting: Thirteen female intensive care nurses were interviewed from one university-affiliated public hospital in Singapore.
Findings: The first category was barriers to early mobilisation with sub-categories: time constraints, safety concerns, resistance from patients. The second category was facilitators to early mobilisation with sub-categories: practical training, teamwork and positive outcomes.
Conclusion: Early mobilisation is a multifaceted process. A dynamic team approach is needed if early mobilisation is to be integrated as part of routine care in the intensive care unit. Findings suggest the need for a well-established protocol integrating standard mobility policy and set clear, achievable and patient-oriented goals for each patient as well as effective communication among nurses but also other healthcare professional involved in the care of patients.
Keywords: Content analysis; Early mobilisation; Focus group; Intensive care; Nurses; Qualitative; Singapore.
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