Virus systems biology: Proteomics profiling of dynamic protein networks during infection

Adv Virus Res. 2021;109:1-29. doi: 10.1016/bs.aivir.2020.12.001. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Abstract

The host cell proteome undergoes a variety of dynamic changes during viral infection, elicited by the virus itself or host cell defense mechanisms. Studying these changes on a global scale by integrating functional and physical interactions within protein networks during infection is an important tool to understand pathology. Indeed, proteomics studies dissecting protein signaling cascades and interaction networks upon infection showed how global information can significantly improve understanding of disease mechanisms of diverse viral infections. Here, we summarize and give examples of different experimental designs, proteomics approaches and bioinformatics analyses that allow profiling proteome changes and host-pathogen interactions to gain a molecular systems view of viral infection.

Keywords: Degradation; Network analyses; Phosphorylation; Quantitative proteomics; Signaling; Systems biology; Translation; Viral infection; Virus.