Umbilical cord-derived MSC and hyperbaric oxygen therapy effectively protected the brain in rat after acute intracerebral haemorrhage

J Cell Mol Med. 2021 Jun;25(12):5640-5654. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.16577. Epub 2021 May 2.


This study tested the hypothesis that combined therapy with human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCDMSCs) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) was superior to either one on preserving neurological function and reducing brain haemorrhagic volume (BHV) in rat after acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) induced by intracranial injection of collagenase. Adult male SD rats (n = 30) were equally divided into group 1 (sham-operated control), group 2 (ICH), group 3 (ICH +HUCDMSCs/1.2 × 106 cells/intravenous injection at 3h and days 1 and 2 after ICH), group 4 (ICH +HBO/at 3 hours and days 1 and 2 after ICH) and group 5 (ICH +HUCDMSCs-HBO), and killed by day 28 after ICH. By day 1, the neurological function was significantly impaired in groups 2-5 than in group 1 (P < .001), but it did not differ among groups 2 to 5. By days 7, 14 and 28, the integrity of neurological function was highest in group 1, lowest in group 2 and significantly progressively improved from groups 3 to 5 (all P < .001). By day 28, the BHV was lowest in group 1, highest in group 2 and significantly lower in group 5 than in groups 3/4 (all P < .0001). The protein expressions of inflammation (HMGB1/TLR-2/TLR-4/MyD88/TRAF6/p-NF-κB/IFN-γ/IL-1ß/TNF-α), oxidative stress/autophagy (NOX-1/NOX-2/oxidized protein/ratio of LC3B-II/LC3B-I) and apoptosis (cleaved-capspase3/PARP), and cellular expressions of inflammation (CD14+, F4/80+) in brain tissues exhibited an identical pattern, whereas cellular levels of angiogenesis (CD31+/vWF+/small-vessel number) and number of neurons (NeuN+) exhibited an opposite pattern of BHV among the groups (all P < .0001). These results indicate that combined HUCDMSC-HBO therapy offered better outcomes after rat ICH.

Keywords: hyperbaric oxygen; intracerebral haemorrhage; mesenchymal stem cells; neurological function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Brain Diseases / etiology
  • Brain Diseases / pathology
  • Brain Diseases / therapy*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hyperbaric Oxygenation / methods*
  • Inflammation / etiology
  • Inflammation / pathology
  • Inflammation / therapy*
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / complications*
  • Male
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation / methods*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Umbilical Cord / cytology*